JLPT N4 事 thing, event

This kanji means thing or a matter. It is something that needs doing, is being done, is thought about, has happened. It is not a thing, an object. That kanji is 物 もの mono.


Here are some examples:


事実 じつ jijitsu fact, truth


事務所 しょ jimu-sho office


事務員 いん jimu-in office assistant


事務室 しつ jimu-shitsu office room


 事務用品 ようひん jimu-yōhin office supplies

Sometimes also: 文房具 ぶんぼう bunbōgu stationery

事前 ぜん jizen prior, beforehand

登録 とうろく tōroku before you register


事典 てん jiten encyclopedia


 事故  jiko accident


Other situations where this kanji 事 is used, is in expressions and grammar patterns like:

事による ことによる koto ni yoru depends on

事がある ことがあります koto ga arimasu something has happened

が出来る  ことがきます koto ga dekimasu one can do

事なかれ主義 ことなかれしゅ koto-nakare-shugi 

let sleeping dogs lie, peace-at-any-price, don't rock the boat


And then there is:

仕事 ごと shigoto a job, work


食事 しょく shokuji a meal


記事  kiji newspaper article


家事  kaji housework, chores


返事 へん henji a reply

返事マダ henji mada no answer yet?


火事  kaji a fire


用事 よう yōji a task, something to do
どうしても用事があるので! There's something I've just got to do...

and many more...

JLPT N5 来 come

東京に来たばかり とうきょうにきたばかり
tōkyō ni kita bakari   she has only just come to Tokyo
sanrio kyarakutaatachi ga pazudoru ni asobi ni kuru yo
The characters from Sanrio are going to come to play at Pazudoru
Goodness knows where that it! Never mind.
raishū   next week
raigetsu   next month
From the first of next month there's a whole lot happening and it is only 8%.  A mortgage, no doubt. Sure. 
rainen   next year

3.09 time words 時間

All these time words are used without the time particle ni. That is because the time is not a precise time, but a time-span. Maybe the very last one, because the Thursday is only one day in the week, you could perhaps add  ni for emphasis. All the other ones, because they are a longer time period, do not take  ni. In English one wouldn't have at or on after similar time words either. If you want to make the time period the topic of the sentence in Japanese, or just give it emphasis, you would add the particle wa.
Here is an example:
mainichi (no particle) basu de gakkō ni kayotte imasu
Every day (no preposition like on or at) I take the bus to school.
Here is another example:
senshū (no particle) shinkansen de hiroshima ni ikimashita
Last week (no on or at) I went on the bullet-train to Hiroshima.

6.07 infinitive 動詞

Some of the senior, more advanced constructions use the full verb, the dictionary form or sometimes called the verb-plain affirmative form. Sometimes this list is referred to as the -base form of the verb. On this page you will find all basic verbs with their correct dictionary form.

The rules above also show how each verb changes to the  ~て-form, which is not unlike the English ~ing verb form in its application. Separate pages are given to explain the ~て-form of the Japanese verb.

3.05 Maglev train マグレヴ

This is the prototype of the Maglev Train, or Linear Motor Car that is being developed to initially run between Tokyo and Osaka. The train has no wheels, but works on the principle of magnetic levitation. It can achieve incredible speeds. However, one of the problems the designers have to overcome is the fact that between Tokyo and Osaka there are many hills, mountains and cities - Mt Fuji for one and that is a volcano. The cost is phenomenal, but obviously worth it. It should be noted that China has now got a slower version of this Maglev train. Nevertheless, Japan is still the front runner for this type of super-speed transportation.
いちばんはやい  ichiban hayai  the fastest
いちばんたかい  ichiban takai  the most expensive
いちばんきれい  ichiban kirei  the most beautiful
いちばんながい  ichiban nagai  the longest
電車  densha  でんしゃ  Train
未来の電車 みらい の でんしゃ  mirai no densha
Train of the future
リニアモーターカー  Linear Motorcar