JLPT N1 寿, 壽 long life

img_0260

Kanji: 寿 modern simplified Japanese ことぶき kotobuki long life

壽 is the classical kanji

%e3%81%93%e3%81%a8%e3%81%b5%e3%82%99%e3%81%8d

If you look at the classical kanji from the the top, the first part is 士 shi gentleman, which later became a warrior, the next is 一 いち ichi one with the hook suggesting inclusion, the next part is 工 こう work, the next part is 一 いち ichi one, the left part is 口 くち kuchi mouth and the right part is 寸 すん sun a little distance. Altogether it means living and working like a gentleman and as time passes, speaking, while little by little feeding the mouth. It makes a good long life.

Interesting that the kanji 寿司 すし sushi also contain long life. Here it means preserving rice. Sushi is rice with vinegar for preservation, because originally it was left-over rice that was used for the little snack. The reading is strictly speaking 当て字 あてじ ateji phonetic reading.

Anyway, back to the mugs. Here the kanji mean long life!

img_0261

Public: calendar こよみ 暦

IMG_8914

ボタン  botan  peony

一月  いちがつ  ichigatsu  January

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8915

水仙  すいせん  suisen  daffodil

二月  にがつ  nigatsu  February

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8916

桜  さくら  sakura  cherry flower

三月  さんがつ  sangatsu  March

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8917

芥子    keshi  poppy

四月  しがつ  shigatsu  April

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8918

菖蒲  あやめ  ayame  iris

五月  ごがつ  gogatsu  May

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8919

あじさい  ajisai  hydrangea

六月  ろくがつ  rokugatsu  June

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8920

すいれん  suiren  waterlily

七月  しちがつ  shichigatsu  July

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8921

朝顔  あさがお  asagao  morning glory

八月  はちがつ  hachigatsu  August

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8922

菊  きく  kiku  chrysanthemum

九月  くがつ  kugatsu  September

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8923

山葡萄  やまどう  yama budō  grape vine

十月  じゅうがつ  jūgatsu  October

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8924

銀杏  いちょう  ichō  ginkgo tree

十一月  じゅういちがつ  jūichigatsu  November

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

IMG_8925

もみ  momi  fir tree

十二月  じゅうにがつ  jūnigatsu  December

日・月・火・水・木・金・土

にち・げつ・か・すい・もく・きん・ど

nichi・getsu・ka・sui・moku・kin・do

Sun・Mon・Tue・Wed・Thu・Fri・Sat

.

暦  こよみ   koyomi   calendar

カレンダー   calendar

Subject: geography 一番安全

東京は世界で一番安全な都市です。

とうきょうはせかいでいちばんあんぜんなとしです。

tōkyō wa sekai de ichiban anzen-na toshi desu

Tokyo is the safest city in the world.

mainImg

According to the Economist's Intelligence Unit (EIU) the Japanese capital Tokyo is the safest city in the world. Researchers of this unit looked at many aspects  of security, e.g. traffic, crime, terror attacks and even digital safety. The Asian metropolis Singapore landed the second spot on the list, while Indonesia's sprawling capital city Jakarta achieved the lowest ranking. These results were published in the Safe Cities Index 2015.

シンガポールは世界でにばんめの安全な都市です。

シンガポールはせかいでにばんめのあんぜんなとしです。

shingapōru wa sekai de nibanme no anzen-na toshi desu

Singapore is the second safest city in the world.

maxresdefault

The organisation examined fifty cities from around the world and Tokyo obviously ranked very high on all aspects of this investigation. Crime is very low in the megalopolis Tokyo, so keeping in mind that the city of Yokohama is right next-door to Tokyo, this score is particularly impressive. For environmental reasons the city has barred diesel cars and trucks from entering, while the various centres within the sprawling city have created extensive pedestrian zones: in many parts of the city cars have been moved out of the way.

Other huge cities with more than twenty million inhabitants like Shanghai, São Paulo, New Delhi, Mumbai and Mexico City all ended towards the bottom of the list. New York in tenth place is the only American city on the list.

PH10.29-1

Important for the researchers are two issues when determining safety: very high digital safety and the fact that women can easily and safely travel anywhere and at any time within the city. One could say this about all of Japan actually, but that was not the basis of this research.

ボゴタは世界で一番危険な都市です。

ボゴタはせかいでいちばんきけんなとしです。

bogota wa sekai de ichiban kiken-na toshi desu

Bogotá is the most dangerous city in the world.

In this last category the Colombian capital Bogotá scored an abysmal last spot. According to the EIU the chance that women are harassed and feel intimidated is highest in this South American city.

Food: pizzas ピザ

20120221_212666

ピザ  piza  pizza

Pizza is as much part of the modern Japanese diet as any other western fast food type. Originally from Italy it really came via the USA to Japan. Young people like pizza as much as hamburgers, or pasta or sushi. It depends on the family and the individual.

131204-pizzahut-day-halfprice1

お持ち帰り6種のピザ半額

おもちかえり6しゅのピザはんがく

omochikaeri 6-shu no piza hangaku

to take home six kinds of pizza at half price

pizza

way too much imagination...

アルバムジャケット・クリムゾンキング

arubamu jaketto kurimu zonkingu

Album Jacket Cream Zon-king

Could be a cross between a Zombie and King Kong?!

whatever floats your boat...

h1

better use it right now! 450 yen OFF coupon

jagatomarich_l

じゃがトマリッチ         じゃがいも・トマト・リッチ

jagaimo tomato ricchi         potato tomato rich

It's a spring half & half

CANkZ82U8AApzCT

スマホ25% OFFデリバリー

sumaho 25% OFF deribarii

smartphone 25% OFF delivery

img_0

ピザ半額  ピザはんがく  piza hangaku  pizza half price

img_cola-potato

コーラとポテトがついたおトクなセット!!

ポテトとチキンのクリーミーグラタン

ツナポテトセット

kōra to poteto ga tsuita otoku-na setto!!

poteto to chikin no kuriimii guratan

tsuna poteto setto

cola and potato included special set!!

potato and chicken creamy gratin Japanese rice dish

tuna potato set

0005012076I2_740x555y

simple_title

シンプルピザ  shinpuru piza  simple pizza

mainimg

世界一のピザ職人 せかいいちのピザしょくにん

sekai ichi no piza shokunin

The best Piza Craftsman in the World

JLPT N5 一 one, 1

You would think this is the easiest kanji in the whole language, it certainly is to write. However, reading is a little trickier. It tends to be いち ichi one, but there are also some words where it is pronounced as ひと hito one, depending on the combination of kanji. There are even あてじ ateji special readings, still meaning one. Of course, students can misread it in katakana words where the dash means long sound.

Here are examples of the most common words:

100px-一-order

images

一々 いちいち ichi-ichi one by one, separately

bq2cmlch

一番 いちばん ichiban number one, the first

一番搾り いちばんしぼり ichi-ban shibori the first pressing

mcupload_5754d2a2553ae

一日 いちにち ichi-nichi one day long

Here: one word a day in English conversation. By the way, that still means only 365 words in a year, which isn't all that much. Anyway, you get the idea. They mean steadily.

events_title_c18f017592cf936002f0f1eb78402d7a

However, 一日 can also be pronounced as ついた tsuitachi and then it means the first day of the month.

Every first day of the month is the first day of being connected.

4254503i

一日中 いちにちじゅう ichi-nichi-jū all day long

Today too, I'll have to do my best all day long.

8-5533

一年中 いちねんじゅう ichi-nen-jū all year long

ice-cream all year round

t-199_1

一才 いっさい i-ssai one-year-old

one-year-old cherry tree

02

一時間 いちかん ichi-jikan one hour

a one-hour special with Doraemon character. Yeah!

Yeah...

imgres

However: on signs 一時 いち ichi-ji one hour 停止 ていし teishi doesn't mean stopping for an hour. It means you just HAVE to stop. Oh well, traffic for you.

clock01

一時 いち ichi-ji one o'clock

b2

一年 いちねん  ichi-nen one year

A year has passed since then.

imgres

一月 いちがつ ichi-gatsu January

10881944_996966440397855_912829474_n

一ヶ月 いっかげつ i-kkagetsu one month long

unnamed

一枚 いちまい ichi-mai one sheet, flat object of something

one flat zabuton cushion

hqdefault

一度 いち ichi-do one time, once

一度 いち ichi-do one degree, 1℃

もう一度 もういち mō-ichi-do once more, one more time

One more time ONLY YOU

images

一台 いちだい ichi-dai one car, one machine

These cars are eco-cars

imgres images-1

一輪車 いちりんしゃ ichi-rinsha mono-cycle, wheel-barrow

imgres

一円 いちえん ichi-en one yen, 1 yen

imgres

一千円 いっせんえん i-ssen-en one thousand yen, 1000 yen

series_d_10k_yen_bank_of_japan_note_-_front

一万 いちまん ichi-man ten thousand, 1,0000

一万円 いちまんえん ichi-man-en 1,0000 yen banknote

itioku

一億 いちおく ichi-oku 100,000,000; one hundred million

imgres

一人 ひと hitori one person, alone

o0200020020110306entry_img_l1

一人っ子 ひとりっ hitorikko an only child

Don't let it upset you - there are many more words. However, they all mean one thing or another.

JLPT N5 水 water, Wednesday

 水-order
.
.
ico_social
天然水  てんねんすい  tennensui  spring water, natural water
literally: heaven-sort-of-thing water
l_10002-1
. knowledge_index_img01
私たちの一番身近な恵み。  わたしたちのいちばんぢかなめぐみ。
watashitachi no ichiban mijiga-na megumi 
miya_islands27_main
水納島  みんなじま  minna-jima in the Okinawa Islands
amusing to know that みんな minna also means everyone
.
.
product_img1
からだまもるみず  karada mamoru mizu  health protecting water!
advertising for you
からだ.
.
rt00290_water-380x537
アルカリイオン  arukari-ion  water-ionizer
無料サービスコーナー  むりょうサービスコーナー
muryō saabisu kōnaa  free service corner
.
suido
水道水でいこう  すいどうすいでいこう  sui-dō-sui-de-ikō
Let's go via the water in the watersupply   or
let's go with the water in the tap!
It's a clever advertising slogan based on meter and alliteration
. みず01
カラダの中からキレイになろう  karada no naka kirei ni narō
let's become healthy from inside your body
.

JLPT N5 金 gold, Friday

 金-order
 
Gold_2578275b
.
.
022
. 05 000000204_l
.
poster
金魚らいふ  きんぎょらいふ  kingyo-raifu  goldfish life
.
名古屋港水族館 南館一階 海のギャラリー
なごやこうすいぞくかん  みなみかんいっかい  うみのギャラリー
nagoya-kō suizokukan minami-kan ikkai umi no gyararii
Nagoya Airport Aquarium South Hall 1st floor Sea Gallery
.
.
michi01
金魚が来た道
きんぎょがきたみち
kingyo ga kita michi.
How goldfish came about
.
.
game_logo_001
.
How things and gold and other things are organised
.
swan-gold
.
Master pieces of gold
.
img1
.
86fb6fd8ca864e1fb80a75a3c4e01fd4
.
Golden_Pavilion_temple_Kyoto_Japan_2
.
The outside of the 金閣寺 きんかくじ kinkaku-ji Golden Pavilion is covered with pure gold leaf. It is so blindingly beautiful that the shōgun at the time felt he needed a silver one as well. Needless to say, his son and heir put a stop to that one. The 銀閣寺 ぎんかくじ ginkaku-ji Silver Pavilion was built, but just not covered with real silver. The son drew the line there. Nevertheless for aesthetic reasons the Japanese appreciate the Silver Pavilion over the Golden Pavilion.
.
gm_11.2-japanese-wood-gold-leaf-sake-cup-nara-oak
.
金  きん  kin  gold
gm_9.1-japanese-wood-gold-leaf-sake-cup-keyaki-zelkova_1
.

JLPT N3 才 age, how old

.
才
.
movie02
一才からのレンジでかんたん手づくりケーキセットつくり方
issai kara no renji de kantan tezukuri keekisetto tsukurikata
from age one how to make easily by hand a cake set 
.
Clearly there are different phrases here linked together, in mind more than anything else. The exact meaning is not all that clear, but what is intended is that obviously a Mum or a Dad can make a lovely cake every year from age one for the rest of the child's life. Sure...Sure...Sure
.
From 1 year old. Sure
.
才-bw
.
EFBC92EFBC93E6898D
A 23-years-old papa selfie
.
1770006605000000_l
一才〜一才6ケ月ごろの離乳食
いっさい〜いっさいろっかげつごろのりにゅうしょく
issai ~ issai rokkagetsu goro no rinyūshoku
baby food for an about one-year-old to one-year-six-months-old
.
From 1 to 1½ he understands it straightaway. Sure
Obviously it's the clever diet. Sure
.
4777810313.09._SCLZZZZZZZ_
.ダースヴェイダーとルーク4才
daasu-veidaa to rūku yon-sai
Darth Vader and Luke 4-years-old
.
sai
Both kanji mean age さい sai. However, the one on the left is the modern one and the one on the right the classical one. In official governmental documentation one might see the one on the right.
.
Age: the kanji on the right hand side contains  stop and  become and  one and little. In other words: a stop when you become one little bit more older. Every year you stop to reflect on becoming one little bit older.

JLPT N5 子 child

子-order
This is such an appealing kanji: it is easy to write, easy to see the picture it represents, yet there are so many words in which it is used. Often the connection with child is clear, but there are also many words where this kanji has only been used figuratively, or where the kanji is there for the original sound. Fortunately most of those words are written in modern Japanese in hiragana only. Anyway, there is still quite a list of common words:
.
images
子供  ども  kodomo  child
 images-1女の子  おんなの  onna no ko girl
女子  じょ  joshi girl usually in kanji combinations
17_%e4%bb%81%e6%84%9b%e5%a5%b3%e5%ad%90a女子高校  じょしこうこう  joshi kōkō  girls' high school
002mv 男の子  おとこの  otoko no ko  boy
男子  だん  danshi  boy  usually in kanji combinations
images 男子高校  だんしこうこう  danshi kōkō  boys' high school
 images双子  ふた  futago  twins
imgres一人っ子  ひとりっ  hitorikko  only child
imgres
王子  おう  ōji  prince
.
images
八王子市  はちおうじし hachiōji-shi  Hachiōji City
The town where the Imperial Tomb is, just on the edge of  the Tōkyō Metropolitan Area: Eight-Princes-City
.
prm1606090003-p3
皇太子  こうたい  kōtaishi  Crown Prince
.
imgres
子牛  こう  ko-ushi  calf
.
 imgres子猫  ねこ  ko-neko  kitten
.
 imgres子犬  こいぬ  ko-inu  puppy
.
 imgres-1子羊  ひつじ  ko-hitsuji  lamb
.
 littletoe子指  ゆび  ko-yubi  little finger, little toe, pinky
The last words on this list are sometimes written using the kanji 小 meaning little. Then there are many words, where this kanji is used just for sound. Often these words are written these days in hiragana only, though not always.
.
images
帽子  ぼう  bōshi  a cap
.
 imgres椅子    isu  chair
.
 images車椅子  くるま  kuruma-isu  wheel-chair
.
 imgres電子  でん  denshi  electron
.
 imgres-1電子レンジ  でんしレンジ  denshi-renji  microwave
.
images 判子  はん  hanko  seal used for everyday signatures
.
 images-1梯子  はしご  hashigo  ladder
.
images 障子  しょう  shōji  paper screens used in rooms
.
 imgres原子  げん  genshi  atom
.
 images利子    rishi  interest banking
.
 imgres辛子  から  karashi  mustard
And many, many more... 

JLPT N4 心 heart

岡山市の中心  おかやましのちゅうしん

okayama-shi no chūshin  The heart of Okayama City

000006124 中心  ちゅうしん  chūshin in the heart of, the centre, the middle of

.

imgres

良心  りょうしん  ryōshin  conscience

imgres-2 imgres-1

良心 をもたない人たちりょうしんもたないひとたちryōshin o motanai hitotachiPeople who do not have a conscience

imgres

良心  りょうしん  ryōshin literally means good heart

ryoushin

良心  りょうしん  ryōshin  conscience

images

とある熊本の良心界隈  とあるくまもとのりょうしんかいわい

to aru kumamoto no ryōshin kaiwai 

the corner of the good heart of kumamoto that has a door

.

imgres

安心  あんしん  anshin  relaxed, not worry

69

安心安全  あんしんあんぜん  anshin anzen  feel relaxed, feel safe

.

images

心配  しんぱい  shinpai  worry

.

imgres

感心  かんしん  kanshin  admiration

たいへんよくできました taihen yoku dekimashita  Very well done!

.

imgres

心理学  しんがく  shinri-gaku  psychology

心理学者  しんがくしゃ  shinri-gaku-sha  psychologist

.

imgres-1

心臓病  しんぞうびょう  shinzō-byō  heart disease

.

images

一心に咲く  いっしんにさく  isshin ni saku  blossom wholeheartedly

photo exhibition

images-1

一心に  いっしんに  isshin-ni  wholeheartedly, single-mindedly